Champollion, Jean-François


Champollion, Jean-François
(1790-1832)
   Egyptologist
   one of the founders of the science of Egyptology, Jean-François Champollion was born in Figeac, in the Midi, and came to Paris in 1807 to study oriental languages at the collège de France. He had already begun the study of Egyptian, and especially Coptic, texts convinced that the Coptic language was a later form of ancient Egyptian. Champollion obtained a facsimile of the Rosetta stone, which previous scholars had already analyzed and which seemed to offer solutions to the problem of deciphering the hieroglyphics. It was this stone, along with the text taken from an obelisk found at Philae, Egypt, in 1821, that allowed Champollion to discover the relationship among hieratic, demotic, and hieroglyphic symbols in Egyptian script. In 1822, he reported his findings in his Lettre à M. Dacier relative à l'alphabet des hiéroglyphes phonétiques, followed in 1824 by his Traité sur l'écriture démotique and his noted Précis du système hiéroglyphique. His discovery of the complex system (part phonogram, part ideogram) of ancient Egyptian script was indispensable in the eventual deciphering of the entire hieroglyphic code and the building of a complete vocabulary and grammar. In 1826, Champollion was named curator of the Department of Egyptology at the louvre. From 1828 to 1830, he led a scientific expedition in Egypt, followed by his publication of Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie (1830). In 1831, a chair of Egyptology was created for him at the Collège de France. At the time of his death, Cham-pollion left an unfinished Grammaire égyptienne and Dictionnaire égyptien, which were later published by his brother in 1835 and 1843, respectively.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Champollion, Jean-François — • A biography of the French Orientalist renowned for deciphering hieroglyphics through the triple inscription on the Rosetta Stone Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Champollion, Jean François — Cham·pol·lion (shäɴ pô lyôɴʹ), Jean François. 1790 1832. French Egyptologist. Working from the Rosetta stone, he became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (1821). * * * …   Universalium

  • Champollion, Jean-François — born Dec. 23, 1790, Figeac, France died March 4, 1832, Paris French scholar. He played a major role in the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphs. Champollion was a linguistic prodigy who had immersed himself in Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, and Coptic as …   Universalium

  • Champollion, Jean-Francois — (1790–1832)    French scholar. He was born in Figeac on 23 December 1790. He very early conceived the desire to decipher the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic script and prepared himself by studying oriental languages, including Coptic. He eventually …   Ancient Egypt

  • Champollion, Jean-François — (23 dic. 1790, Figeac, Francia–4 mar. 1832, París). Egiptólogo francés. Tuvo un papel principal en el desciframiento de jeroglíficos egipcios. Champollion fue un lingüista prodigio, a los 19 años ya dominaba el hebreo, el árabe, el siríaco y el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Champollion, Jean François — ► (1790 1832) Orientalista francés. Descifró la piedra de Roseta y los jeroglíficos del antiguo Egipto. Obras: Egipto bajo los faraones y Síntesis del sistema jeroglífico, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CHAMPOLLION, JEAN FRANÇOIS —    a celebrated French Egyptologist, born in Figeac, dep. of Lot; early gave himself to the study of Coptic and Egyptian antiquities; was the first to decipher the hieroglyphics of ancient Egypt, a great discovery; conducted a scientific… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Champollion, Jean François —  (1790–1832) French Egyptologist who helped decipher the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Jean-Francois Champollion — Jean François Champollion Pour les articles homonymes, voir Champollion. Jean François Champollion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-françois champollion — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Champollion. Jean François Champollion …   Wikipédia en Français


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